Residential stability is an indicator of stability, investment, and connectivity to a neighbourhood. It measures the percentage of the population that has remained at the same address for five or more years.
Statistics Canada (Census, NHS 2011)
The most recent data for this indicator was made available in 2015. This data is updated each census year, as the data becomes available.
Rationale and Connections
Residential stability demonstrates both a commitment and ability to stay and plant roots within a community. Population mobility affects a wide range of factors ranging from the local economy and services, to the spread of infectious disease, and is itself affected by economic conditions (people often move to regions where they can find employment), home ownership, and other factors. High mobility during childhood has been linked to depression (Gilman et al. 2003), and high rates of school mobility have been associated with lower graduation rates (Guevremont et al., 2007; Jimerson et al., 2002).
Measurement and Limitations
This indicator measures the percentage of the population that has remained at the same address for five or more years. Data from 2006 and earlier was part of the long-form of the Canadian Census. In 2011, the long-form was cancelled, and this question was made part of the National Household Survey (NHS). Though the questions are comparable, the NHS was a voluntary survey (with a 76% response rate in Manitoba), whereas the Census long-form was mandatory (with a 94% response rate). Though data quality is lower (worse) in the NHS, it remains comparable to previous years.
Gilman SE, Kawachi I, Fitzmaurice GM, Buka L Socio-economic status, family disruption and residential stability in childhood: relation to onset, recurrence and remission of major depression. Psychol Med. 2003; 33(8):1341-55.
Guevremont A, Roos NP, Brownell M. Predictors and consequences of grade retention: Examining data from Manitoba Canada. Can J School Psychol 2007;22(1):50-67.
Jimerson SR, Anderson GE, Whipple AD. Winning the battle and losing the war: Examining the relation between grade retention and dropping out of high school. Psychol Schools 2002;39:441-457.
Residential Stability Sustainable Development Goals
11. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Cities are hubs for ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. At their best, cities have enabled people to advance socially and economically.
However, many challenges exist to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity while not straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing and declining infrastructure.
The challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty. The future we want includes cities of opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more.