Heart Attack Rates
The heart attack indicator measures the number of hospitalizations or deaths due heart attacks per 1,000 residents aged 40 and older.
Fransoo R, Martens P, The Need To Know Team, Prior H, Burchill C, Koseva I, Bailly A, Allegro E. The 2013 RHA Indicators Atlas. Winnipeg, MB. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, October 2013.http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/RHA_2013_web_version.pdf
The most recent data for this indicator was made available in 2014. This data is updated every 5 years as data becomes available.
Rationale and Connections
Cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack and stroke, are the leading causes of death globally, and represent a third of all deaths in Winnipeg in any given year. These diseases are also a leading cause of hospitalization and adult disability. Heart attacks and strokes are associated with social and economic disadvantage. Opportunities for employment, income, education, and housing have enormous potential to reduce the unequal burden of heart disease and stroke.
Measurement and Limitations
The Heart Attack indicator measures the number of hospitalizations or deaths resulting from heart attacks per 1,000 residents aged 40 and older. Heart Attack is defined by either: “At least one hospitalization with an ICD-9-CM code of 410 or an ICD-10-CA code of 121 and a length of stay (LOS) of at least three days or; [heart attack] listed as the cause of death in Vital Statistics files” (Fransoo, Martens, The Need To Know Team, Prior, Burchill, Bailly & Allegro, 2013). Rates are sex- and age- adjusted.
Fransoo R, Martens P, The Need To Know Team, Prior H, Burchill C, Koseva I, Bailly A, Allegro E. The 2013 RHA Indicators Atlas. Winnipeg, MB. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, October 2013. http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/RHA_2013_web_version.pdf
Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). 2009. 2009 Tracking Heart Disease and Stroke in Canada. Retrieved from:http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/2009/cvd-avc/summary-resume-eng.php
Heart Attacks Sustainable Development Goals
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.