Body mass index (BMI) is a measure used to compare people according to height and weight. In Peg, we report the percentage of the population that is overweight, and the percentage that is obese according to their BMI.
Statistics Canada. (n.d.). CANSIM Table 105-0501: Health indicator profile, annual estimates, by age group and sex, Canada, provinces, territories, health regions (2012 boundaries) and peer groups. Retrieved fromhttp://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1050501&pattern=&csid=
The most recent data for this indicator was made available in 2015. This data is updated annually, as the data becomes available.
Rationale and Connections
Obesity is a significant health risk factor for chronic conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, type-2 diabetes, and a greater risk of premature mortality.
Measurement and Limitations
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure used to compare individuals according to their height and weight. BMI was calculated from self-reported height and weight data for people over the age of 18 in the Canadian Community Health Survey.
The BMI is calculated as weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in metres) squared, and typically ranges from 15 to 45. In Peg, we are reporting the percent of the population that is overweight, and the percentage of the population that is obese. BMI values from 25 to 29 are classified as “overweight,” and values greater than 30 are classified as “obese.”
Data are reported for the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA). It should be noted that 2012 data use new boundaries from previous years’ data-the former Churchill Regional Health Authority (RHA) has been integrated into the WRHA. The Churchill RHA has a very small population (approximately 1,000 individuals), but may have affected the figures somewhat.
Manitoba Centre for Public Health. (2009). Manitoba RHA indicators atlas 2009. Retrieved fromhttp://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/RHA_Atlas_Report.pdf
Public Health Agency of Canada. (2011). Obesity in Canada: A joint report from the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Information. Retrieved fromhttp://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/hl-mvs/oic-oac/assets/pdf/oic-oac-eng.pdf
Statistics Canada. (2013). CANSIM Table 105-0501: Health indicator profile, annual estimates, by age group and sex, Canada, provinces, territories, health regions (2012 boundaries) and peer groups. Retrieved fromhttp://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1050501&pattern=&csid=
Obesity Rates Sustainable Development Goals
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.